1. What is the CES?

The Community Engagement Standards (CES) is a revolutionary tool of 44 well-researched indicators, via which extractive industries businesses and government agencies can engage equitably – particularly through inclusive engagement – with resource-rich communities for improved relations leading to sustainable development. CSR-in-Action developed the Standards following visits to communities within nine extractive states and iterative engagement with the tripartite stakeholders at national and sub-national levels.

2. Why do we need one?

73% of project delays the world over were due to ‘above ground’ or non-technical risks including community resistance (Michael & Jessica, 2011). What this means is that businesses the world over have yet to determine the best practice approach to dealing with one of their most critical stakeholders, their host communities, also known as ancestral owners of the land.

3. How is it different from the GMoU?

The Global Memorandum of Understanding (GMOU), a style of cluster-community agreement popularised by Chevron Nigeria Limited, is only an aspect of community engagement processes. There are affirming activities that ought to happen before, during and after the life cycle of an extractive project that must be carried out. The CES does not invalidate whatever community agreement – GMoU, MoU, Benefit Impact Agreement, etc – your institution may already have in place.

4. How is it different from the mining act, NRC, host comm bill, NCDMB community content guidelines, etc?

The CES is an amalgamation of all the different legal guidance and recommendations of local and international entities. It is addressed from an independent third-party lens and covers macro-economic issues, including governance, women and youth equity, environmental management and technology.

5. What is unique about it?

The CES is the first ever fully-documented life-cycle process flow for community engagement based on empirical research specific to African oil and gas and mining communities.

6. Who needs the CES?

Governments and businesses which deal in mineral and oil and gas resources will directly benefit from applying the principles of the CES to their community engagement process. To request for a copy of the CES, get support, or to speak to a resource person, please click here.

Download the CES

In actuality, companies do not have any choice but to deliver tangible and sustainable benefits to their access, host and impacted communities. Extractive companies especially, face rising expectations to do more than simply mitigate negative impacts, they are expected to be sources of economic opportunity and to be reliable and trustworthy partners and neighbours. Extractive companies are expected to deliver lasting social and economic benefits to the areas where they have their footprints.

The tool for delivering these tangible and sustainable benefits to communities is the Community Engagement Standards (CES). Sections and provisions of the CES may be translated into a Community Development Agreement (CDA). Over the years, companies have engaged communities and sundry stakeholders, unfortunately with less than inspiring results. This CES is aimed at filling some of the identified gaps in earlier ones. 

Other Reports

This particular paper is the first in the research journey, and it x-rays the conflict management strategies adopted by several oil-rich countries across the world. 

This report documents the various engagements carried out with the identified key stakeholders on the issues of refinery losses and oil theft in the oil-producing states of the Federation of Nigeria. 

Comparative analysis of modular refineries

Strategic assessment of financial viability of government-owned refineries